Q: How much copyrighted material can I use for my multimedia projects?

"...the amount of copyrighted multimedia material that can be included in educational projects to

  • up to three minutes or 10 percent, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work. [VIDEO]
  • up to 10 percent or 1,000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work of text.
  • an entire poem of less than 250 words or up to 250 words of a longer poem but no more than three poems by one poet or five poems by different poets from a single anthology.
  • up to 30 seconds or 10 percent, whichever is less, of music and lyrics from a single musical work. [AUDIO]
  • up to five photographs or illustrations by one person and no more than 15 images or 10 percent, whichever is less, of the photographs or illustrations from a single published work." 

Adapted from  http://Adapted from http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr280d.shtml

Q: How do I know if I have plagiarized my work (text, image, sound, etc.)?

A: "Types of plagiarism

  • Direct plagiarism: this means you copy another’s work exactly and without modifications, such as lifting words from another source without any attribution.
  • Complete plagiarism: this means you pass off the entirety of a work created by someone else as your own, such as when purchasing an essay that someone else wrote and turning it in as your completed assignment.
  • Misleading attributions: a misleading attribution involves purposefully attributing an idea, quote, or work to a false, incorrect, or nonexistent source. Sometimes referred to as source-based plagiarism, this can include getting information from multiple sources but only citing one, or making up data and statistics but attributing them to a reputable source.
  • Self-plagiarism: You plagiarize yourself when using work you’ve done for a previous assignment or class — even when that work is otherwise free of plagiarism. When asked for permission in advance, some teachers may accept work used in an assignment from another course, which would not be considered plagiarism.
  • Mosaic plagiarism: Also known as patchwork plagiarism, this describes when you weave others’ work, ideas, or phrases into your work without giving proper credit. You may tweak the sentence structure or use synonyms to do so. Because others’ materials are mixed in with your ideas, this type of plagiarism is particularly difficult to identify.
  • Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing involves using your own words to convey someone else’s ideas. When you give credit to the original creator, paraphrasing can improve the quality of your writing and communicate others’ ideas more clearly. However, if you do not cite your sources properly, paraphrasing is considered plagiarism.
  • Aggregating plagiarism: When you correctly cite all of your sources but fail to contribute any new ideas in your work, you have committed aggregating plagiarism.
  • Accidental plagiarism: this describes whenever you unknowingly or unintentionally commit plagiarism. This may include forgetting to use quotation marks, not knowing how to properly cite a source, or not understanding what counts as plagiarism."

Adapted from: https://blog.adobe.com/en/publish/2021/11/24/preventing-plagiarism-a-guide-for-students-and-educators#gs.npopze

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